The Voronoi Cupola Pavilion is a result of an exploratory architectural experiment, whose aim was to check if it is possible to realize a full-scale architectural object with a complex geometry, exclusively with the aid of advanced digital techniques and technologies, without resorting to the traditional design methods and tools. The built structure of the Voronoi Pavilion proves that it is possible to carry out such a process and succeed – not only on the computer screen, but also in real space.
In the name of our Pavilion, the mysterious Voronoi stands for the name of a mathematician Georgy Voronoy, who is the author of an algorithm which optimally divides a surface into polygonal regions, based on a set of points distributed in space. This algorithm is used in the design of our Pavilion to generate the ornamentation of its skin panels, with the Voronoi cells represented in the form of polygonal perforations of the panels.
The Voronoi Cupola Pavilion illustrates the tremendous potential hidden behind the contemporary 3d modeling, computational optimization, and digital fabrication techniques. Its unique form is only seemingly arbitrary and free – in reality, it was conceived as an effect of an extremely structured, rationalized design process, strongly rooted within the algorithmic way of thinking about architectural geometry.
The Voronoi Cupola Pavilion is an effect of a joint research and education collaboration, between Margaret Zboinska from MORFOTACTIC ® (as a researcher at the Department of Architecture at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden), and Jan Cudzik, Kalina Juchnevic, Robert Juchnevic (doctoral students at the Faculty of Architecture at Gdansk University of Technology, Poland) and Kacper Radziszewski (master’s level student at the Faculty of Architecture at Gdansk University of Technology, Poland). This is our second collaboration, in which we organized and led the 3rd edition of a research workshop – Parametric Architecture III, in which 20 students from the Faculty of Architecture at Gdansk University of Technology, Poland, took part in the design workshop and in the assembly process of the Voronoi Cupola Pavilion.
The Voronoi Cupola Pavilion was demonstrated at two official exhibitions: at the biggest Polish summer design festival Gdynia Design Days 2014, and in an exhibition housed by the Nanotechnology Center at Gdansk University of Technology, Poland. The link to our exhibition at Gdynia Design Days 2014, titled: Between the digital and material worlds: The Voronoi Operation, can be found on the offical website of GDD Festival here.